‘The Scientific Revolution’ was by no means a swift and radical change in thoughts pertaining to science. The name applies to a period lasting from the end of the Renaissance and continued through the 18th Century. The later period was referred to as ‘The Enlightenment’.
Although the exact dates are in dispute, there were many notable figures that contributed to it. Among these were Galen, Ptolemy, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. The work contributed to it was no single science, but science as a whole. It included mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology, medicine, and chemistry. From the theories expressed by those great men, mankind’s knowledge of science was born and the world was seen in a revolutionary new view. Religion, superstition, and fear were replaced by reason and knowledge.
Although many religious questions were raised by these new theories, men like Copernicus, Brahe, Kepler, Galileo, Bacon, Descartes, Newton, and Leibniz remained true to their faith. Facing possible excommunication, and worse, they also remained firm on their scientific beliefs. It was because of their findings that we shed the belief that the Earth was the Center of The Universe and the makeup of its substance was a radical change from what was originally believed. The uneducated peasants, who firmly believed that the stars and the moon up above were the Heavens, now had to accept that their material was comprised of the same material as found on the earth. This was not readily believed as superstition and religion were against it. The Revolution became the catalyst for change for the social, religious, and cultures of the period and was fought tooth and nail by the Church and others. Most of the hierarchy of the time supported superstitious beliefs by the uneducated lower class to keep their own hold on them. New beliefs, they feared, would create questions about those in control.
These steadfast beliefs generated by the founders of The Scientific Revolution generated new research and theories in many other fields such as mathematics. New thoughts were given to the physical make-up of the human bodies, chemistry, and the human thought process as well. Also, new endeavors such as the laws of physics and motion, and modern philosophy were founded . None of these areas would ever have come about without the theories set forth by this period’s founding fathers. Today’s science, and our way of life, owe much to their early efforts.